Profound tooth cleaning and polishing
The professional dental hygiene treatment helps you to preserve the health of your teeth!
Dental hygiene treatment is delivered by a dentist or a dental hygienist who will help to remove any plaque from your teeth that may have built up in certain areas. Your teeth will be professionally cleaned with special equipment and pastes, this process is also known as scaling and polishing.
1. Step: Cleaning
Proper dental health is achieved by removing the calculus with an ultrasonic scaler. If the surface of the tooth is smooth and clean, calculus is unable to form and thus by maintaining good oral hygiene we can prevent the reappearance of calculus.
The ultrasonic scaler does not damage tooth enamel. Its tip vibrates, removing the calculus from the surface of the tooth without damaging the enamel. As a result of sound pulse absorbed by the vibrating tip, air bubbles develop breaking the calculus up.
2. Step: Tooth polishing
Ultrasonic scaling is always followed by a special tooth polishing procedure using Profiflex, an instrument similar to a sandblaster but emitting (instead of sand) an extremely fine bi-carbonate powder mixed with water at high pressure on the surface of teeth. The polishing powder removes debris, stains and plaque without harming the surface of the tooth. This is the most advanced polishing method available today.
Polishing may be applied as a complementary treatment following calculus removal, but is also useful for cleaning the teeth prior to bleaching or pit and fissure sealing.
How does plaque form?
Dental plaque is a thin, invisible layer forming on the surface of teeth and gum every day, which may be removed by thorough and regular tooth brushing.
Lack of appropriate tooth brushing will result in tooth decay (caries) and the inflammation of the gum (gingivitis).
Through interaction with the minerals present in saliva, dental plaque calcifies and hardens, developing into a calculus (or tartar), which is a yellowish or brownish deposit.
Calculus can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist. If it is not removed, it gives way to new layers of dental plaque containing bacteria developing on its surface. When enlarged, the calculus separates the gum from the dental neck, weakens the supporting structure of the teeth, and finally leads to serious gum disease and possible loss of teeth. The initial symptoms of the process include bleeding of gums (ulemorrhagia), bad breath (halitosis) or pain and, in more severe cases, tooth movement, receding gums and pus forming in the pockets between teeth and gums. Good oral hygiene includes tooth brushing, flossing and using mouth washes.
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